Any type of loan whether payday loans, home loans, cash advance loans, personal loans, cash loans are considered as current liability. In relation to loans, the phrase current liability is used to denote the amount which would have to be paid to pay off the loan entirely on an immediate basis. Many financial institutions include clauses in their loan agreements which ensure that any borrower paying the loan off early is subject to a penalty fee. This compensates the lender to some degree for the profit which would have been made had the borrower continued to make interest payments over the natural lifetime of the loan. Should these penalty fees be payable on early repayment of a loan, they should not be included in the calculation of current liability.
The current liability on a loan is usually significantly less than the total amount the borrower would have to pay if he or she continued to make only instalment payments on the loan and allowed it to run to its natural term. This is because of the interest which the lender is charging on the debt as the loan term runs. If the loan is paid off early, this interest need not be paid, allowing the borrower to achieve significant savings.
The current liability is usually marked on loan statements sent to borrowers under the heading “payoff amount”.