What is Insurance

Insurance is a form of financial risk management which involves paying the insurance provider on the understanding that if a certain contingency should occur, the insurance provider will pay the insuree a sum of money. Typically the insuree makes regular small payments (called premiums) to the insurance provider on a continuous basis. The amount of these payments will vary depending on the size sum to be paid out in the event of the contingency occurring and on the insurance provider’s calculation of how likely it is that the contingency will, in fact, occur.

Insurance companies grade insurees very carefully, consulting statistics about past payouts, thus identifying characteristics which are associated with higher or lower risk, and setting the insurance premiums accordingly. For example, in the case of vehicle accident insurance, statistics show that young people, particularly young males, are more often involved in accidents than other categories of person. Therefore young men can expect to be charged higher premiums than older men for the same level of insurance.

Insurance is in widespread use. Most households will hold some form of insurance policy. Typical examples of insurance include vehicle accident insurance which, in many countries, is a legal requirement for motorists, home insurance, life insurance and auto insurance or car insurance. Today there are many companies present in the market and thus consumer gets maximum benfit and they can get cheap car insurance, cheap auto insurance, cheap health insurance or cheap life insurance due to competition.

Insurance – bearing your unforeseen financial losses

Insurance is the financial compensation provided by the insurer to the insured in the event of unforeseen financial losses in lieu of periodic payments made by the insured. Insurance extends financial assistance to a company, individual or any other entity. There are some forms of insurance that are mandatory while some are optional. When an insurance provider and an insured agree to the terms and conditions of the insurance policy, the policy comes into effect. In majority of the cases part of the loss is borne by the insured, which is referred to as the deductible and the remaining amount is paid by the insurer or the insurance provider.

Common types of insurance include-

* Health insurance
* Disability insurance
* Life insurance
* Business insurance
* Auto insurance

It may be mentioned here that the sole purpose of insurance is not to guide consumers in budgeting their expenses but to protect them during a financial catastrophe.

Buying insurance

Insurance can be bought either on your own or with the help of an insurance agent. There are different insurance companies in the market offering insurance policies.

Prior to buying an insurance policy, the following aspects need to be addressed-

Type of insurance needed-

* You must assess your requirement and decide upon a policy accordingly.

* The damage the policy is covering also needs to be taken into consideration. Policies vary from one another depending on the coverage they are extending. In few cases, there is coverage for specific dollar amounts.

* You need to decide whether you are buying the insurance policy on your own or from an agent.

Brief information on the different types of insurance policies is given below-

Auto insurance

Auto insurance in most of the states is mandatory. Auto insurance is bought mainly for two reasons.

* To insure liabilities you have to other people
* To insure against damage inflicted to your car by others.

Life insurance

Life insurance may be either pure insurance which pays on the policy’s holder’s death. The other can be cash value insurance. Majority of the policy holders are well off with pure insurance as well as savings for retirement.

Health insurance

Health insurance is very much necessary and you should decide upon an insurance plan keeping in mind the deductibles and the premiums. Basically, there are 3 types and other traits may be formed by mixing and matching policy traits.

* Fee for service- allows a policyholder to get covered for almost any medical condition. It is a bit expensive.
* Preferred Provider Options- allows a policyholder to self refer him to any provider available in the PPO list.
* Health maintenance organizations or HMOs- this type of health insurance is the least expensive and but has the maximum limitation.

Disability insurance

Also referred to as disability income insurance, this insurance policy takes care of the financial expenses when an individual is out of job due to disability.

Business insurance

This type of insurance extends financial coverage for businesses rather than for individuals. This kind of insurance protects business houses against risks.

Prior to selecting a particular type of insurance policy, you need to shop around for the policy which suits your needs the best. You can compare rates and costs of different insurance providers online or by consulting an insurance expert.