Fines and penalties are fees imposed by governments on their citizens for actions which are deemed to be transgressions of laws or regulations. The transgression involved is usually relatively minor; otherwise it would have been punished by imprisonment instead, although it does sometimes occur that fines are levied in addition to criminal sanctions. Fines and penalties are usually processed administratively by the agencies of government without prior processing through the court system. In many cases, courts do also have the power to impose fines and penalties of various kinds on their own though.
In today’s complex economies, governments impose a variety of reporting requirements on their citizens. For example, citizens are often required to file yearly reports on the income they have earned. Corporations are required to file periodic reports in the profits they have made. This is so that governments can ensure the citizens and corporations are paying tax appropriately. Failure to comply with these reporting requirements, whether by omitting to file a report at all, or by filing it late, is often punished with a financial penalty. It is usually possible to appeal against these penalties if the citizen or corporation is able to make the case that extraordinary circumstances prevented a prompt filing of the required report.
Fines and Penalties are also imposed in case of criminal act. This may hurt one socially as well because nowadays background check is possible online. There are many sites which provides records if one wants to know about Criminal Background Check or Criminal Check for particular person or company.